The publicity in La Gazette Musicale du Nord for the Télépiano, a Coupleux invention from 1922, left me puzzled. You can see a lady playing the piano (the transmitter) while some people are sittting elsewhere listening to another piano (the receptor). The music was seemingly delivered along telephone lines. An article about this invention clarified a lot: the receptor piano was simply a piece of furniture with no piano mechanism in it, just an amplifier. So the ‘receptor’ could in fact have any form. For example that of a … speaker?
The Coupleux brothers from Lille, France and their extraordinary inventions are described in the book ‘1900-1935 L’aventure industrielle des frères Coupleux’, by Olivier Carpentier.
In Sweden the commonly found matchboxes carry an illustration by the hand of one of its finest illustrators: Einar Nerman (1888-1983). Nerman was very productive during his long life. He studied art in Stockholm and later also worked and lived in Paris, London and New York. He painted, designed costumes and sets for ballet, and
he illustrated magazines and books, amongst others for the works of his communist brother. It is said that he also composed music and set the poems of his brother to songs. We haven’t yet found such songs.
Luckily for us Nerman started in 1913 to illustrate sheet music covers for many years, mostly for Ernst Rolfs Musikförlags, but also for other publishers such as A.B. Skandinaviska, Elkan & Schildknecht, and Nordiska Musikförlaget.
With the development of railways in the second half of the 19th century, the upper and middle classes started to enjoy the summer at the seaside. Women and children could stay for one or two months while the husbands joined them each weekend.
Every Saturday evening, after work, a train full of happy husbands departed direction coast and returned back on Monday morning. These express trains from Paris or Brussels to and fro the North Sea resorts were called trains des maris (husband trains). In Germany it was the Ehemännerzug which brought the husbands from Berlin to the Baltic Sea and back again.
On the naive Parisian trade card above two men buy their tickets, first class of course, for the train des maris.
According to the Figaro there also existed ‘trains des amants’ or lover trains – so very French! On Monday morning these trains brought the young men from the cities to the ‘lonely’ married wives at the resorts. They returned home on Saturday morning before the arrival of the husbands…
The Belgian artist Félicien Rops made an amusing etching of a train des maris: a wife and her lover are seen kissing, behind huge and symbolic horns while in the distance the horn-bearing train takes her husband on his way.
I don’t think it is a coincidence that Charles Biqual depicts the horned cows in the foreground of the sheet music cover, do you?
Anyway, some women seemed very cheerful when the train des maris had left, as illustrated by Herouard for La Vie Parisienne.